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Wednesday, August 19, 2015

The Battle of the Philippines 1941 to 1942

The Japanese Imperial army began their attack on the Philippines ten hours after they have bombed the American fleet in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on Dec 8, 1941. Since then, the Japanese army pushed on with their relentless attack on the stunned and demobilized American forces. It was the start of what historians call “The Battle of the Philippines.”

Japanese tanks moving towards Manila during attack of the Philippine City

On Dec 22, 1941, barely 14 days after the Japanese Kamikaze’s air strike on Clark Field in Pampanga, and Subic Bay in Olongapo, the Japanese forces landed in Lingayen Gulf in Pangasinan. They forged on to capture prime Luzon provinces.

As the Japanese troops marched to Manila, on December 25, 1941, the then Philippine President Manuel L. Quezon and General Douglas MacArthur decided to declare Manila an open city to prevent unnecessary destruction to life and property.

The American and Philippine troops retreated to Corregidor, a small fortified island in Bataan, to recoup their strength and wait for reinforcements. When help was not forthcoming because of the destruction wreaked by the bombing of Pearl Harbor, the Philippine President and Gen. MacArthur sailed to Australia on March 11, 1942 on the instructions of US President Roosevelt. Gen. MacArthur said before he left, his now famous quote, “I shall return.”

On April 9, 1942, Bataan was conquered by the invading Japanese troops. About 80,000 troops - most of them sick and hungry - took the long march from Bataan to Camp O'Donnell Capas, Tarlac. This was called “The Bataan Death March.”

The distance from Bataan to Capas, Tarlac was around 100 kilometers (62 miles,) and Filipinos and Americans were shot to death or bayoneted if they were unable to walk further because of hunger or injury.

The exact figure was unaccounted for, but historians believed about 6,000 Filipinos and Americans died that day. Some have managed to escape to recount the inhumane treatment and gruesome tales that happened during that fateful day.

On May 6, 1942, General Wainwright surrendered Corregidor to the Japanese troops; it was the last American and Philippines’ stronghold. This allowed the complete surrender of both the American and Philippine troops to the Japanese army. This war from 1941 to 1942 was called the Battle of the Philippines.

The Philippines and the valiant heroes in Camp O’Donell, however, were not forgotten by Gen. MacArthur; he landed in Leyte on Oct 20, 1944.together with Philippine president Sergio Osmena, and the liberation of the Philippines started.

On Sept 3, 1945, after the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan, Japanese troops finally surrendered, and Commander Gen. Yamashita surrendered to Gen. Wainwright, to finally put an end to the Pacific War.

Wednesday, July 29, 2015

Bible Verses that Offer Comfort to the Grieving

A grieving person needs all the support and love relatives and friends could give him. If you happen to know of someone who is in grief, you can use Bible quotes to comfort him. To help you in your noble endeavor, here are some Bible verses that could comfort a grieving person.

From Matthew 5:4

"Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted."

This quotation denotes that if you are in grief, you would soon be comforted, if you have faith in God. It means that grief is temporary, and that God would ensure that you would overcome your grief. Grief is also a part of life, and should be endured, but God has ensured you that you shall find comfort in him.

From 1 Thessalonians 4:13

"But I do not want you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning those who have fallen asleep, lest you sorrow as others who have no hope."

This verse is referring to people who are not aware that those who have passed away are considered as sleeping, so those who are left behind should not wallow in misery and grief.

From Psalm 121:2

“My help cometh from the LORD, which made heaven and earth.”

This is one of the powerful verses in the Bible. You can use this verse when you need comfort and strength. You can also use it to comfort a grieving person. It indicates that God who is omniscient and powerful would help anyone come out of any worse situation that he is in; be it grief, helplessness or despair.

From Philippians 4:13

“I can do all things through Christ who strengthens me.”

Overcoming grief is a Herculean task if people do it alone, but if people do it with the grace of God, then they can. If you are in grief, you can rely on God’s healing power, too. Nothing is impossible with a powerful God.

From Psalm 27:14

“Wait on the Lord: be of good courage, and he shall strengthen thine heart: wait, I say, on the Lord.”
This meaningful verse from the Bible talks about waiting patiently. If you are grieving, the Lord will strengthen you in his own time.

From I Peter 5:7

“Cast your cares upon the Lord, for he cares about you.”

Just as the verse says, you can surrender all your grief and problems to God and he will take care of you. Trust him with whatever concerns you have, and he will help you overcome all of them.

From Isaiah 35:4

“Be strong, do not fear; your God will come.”

As prophet Isaiah said, in your grief and fear, you have to endure and be strong; God will come to ease all your grief and burdens. You can help people overcome grief by quoting this verse and explaining its meaning.

The Bible is an exceptional book because it gives solutions to all problems. As the saying goes: “If you do not know the answer, read the Bible.”

Friday, June 26, 2015

Dealing with Loneliness Abroad, Signs a Relative is Lonely

Oftentimes, relatives are the last persons to learn that a member of the family is lonely. Being a member of your family, you should take it upon yourself to see to it that this malady is not experienced by any relative.

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Loneliness is a place no one would like to go into, and your relatives are no exceptions.

Your relative may be lonely simply because no one would like to listen, or to spend time with him. This is sad because family members should be aware of each the problems of other family members, and support one another through difficult times. One of these is coping with loneliness.

Knowing when a relative is lonely; however, could be a gargantuan task if you don’t know exactly what to do. You have to remember that there are several aspects you have to observe to determine this. These aspects involve the verbal and non-verbal signs.

You have to include the non-verbal signs because there would be some instances when a relative says he is not lonely but he is. Observing his actions closely would reveal the truth. As the cliché goes, “Actions speak louder than words.”

To make it easier for you to detect if a relative is lonely, here is a checklist that you could tick off. If you have checked more than one item, then it could indicate that your relative is indeed lonely.

He drinks alcohol often. Most people who drink alcohol often find solace in it. With the temporary refuge that alcohol provides he is able to forget his insecurities and problems, but tends to remember more afterwards. If this drinking hobby does not stop, then he would become an alcoholic.

He is into illicit drugs. When a person has no one to turn to, or no fruitful activities to do, or no group to belong to, he finds refuge also in drugs. Illicit drugs like cocaine and heroin gives him the false, temporary feeling of security and happiness he seeks. Illicit drugs are addictive and continuous use of these harmful substances is detrimental.

He smokes a lot. Most people smoke because they believe it could relieve stress and loneliness. When a relative smokes a lot, he may be needing company to do more useful activities with. The fact is that smoking does no relieve stress. Smoking can turn addictive as well, and the reason for continued smoking would be addiction then.

He has moments of depression. If he cries out of the blue, and suddenly laughs the next moment, this could be a sign of depression. Being depressed more often is one sign of loneliness. Your relative is actually crying for help. He is lonely and wants company and love very badly.

These are a few signs that a relative is lonely. If you notice any of these signs in your relative, you may want to have a heart to heart talk with him to get down to the root problem. He may not admit it orally, but talking to him and helping him come to terms with the truth may solve the problem.

Remember, that no man is an island. Every person needs someone to interact with. So next time you see these signs in a relative, spend time with him to know the reason; he may only be in need of your companionship.

Friday, June 19, 2015

Educational Advantages of Student Exchanges among different Cultures, Exchange Student Programs

If you want to maximize the learning process, then you should consider the whole, wide world as your classroom. This is because you have to know what cultures and practices occur in other countries before you can say you are truly educated. Student exchanges among different cultures allow students to do this. Aside from this educational advantage, here are more rationales why the academe should encourage student exchanges.

*The hands on and direct exposure of students facilitate learning

Instead of studying world history and making use of pictures and lectures to depict other cultures around the world, you, as the student would have an actual and direct exposure to cultures around the world. This would facilitate your learning process through direct observation and interaction. In education, for learning to be effective the teacher should not only consider multiple intelligences but
also multiple backgrounds and cultures. Practical experience is the best way to gain knowledge because learning is application.

*Students are trained to achieve unity in diversity

You would be able to learn early how to stay united amidst different cultures. You would be able to realize that although you do not have the same traditions, you could co-habit peacefully and harmoniously. This could also prepare you to be good leaders of the world, whatever career you decide to specialize in.

*Students could learn new languages

Student exchanges could also encourage you to learn new languages, enhancing your skills to land excellent jobs when you apply for work. A linguist in a company is considered an asset, and is, therefore, significantly valued.  This is a specific example of a hands-on experience. When you learn the language and practice it, you would be able to learn quickly. Student exchange is an outstanding method to learn how to speak fluently in various languages.

*Students’ psychological growth and cognition skills are enhanced

Students who have undergone the exchange student program have grown psychologically and emotionally and have also enhanced their cognition skills. When you undergo the program, you learn to respect each culture and to blend and cooperate with each other as mature individuals should.

*Student exchanges benefit also the local community

Past programs have proven that student exchanges are beneficial to the community too. You could bring new ideas and innovations on how to solve certain problems in your locality. You could introduce new perspectives, which could prove effective in solving problems or promoting development.

Student exchanges are encouraged by majority of academic institutions because of the numerous educational advantages that these provide, not only for you, but the local community, and the whole world, as well.

Friday, March 27, 2015

Kissing Customs across the World

Kissing is a universal act that applies to every culture and country. The meaning of the kiss, however, varies with each country. Kisses have always been an expression of love, care and concern.

Knowing the meaning of a kiss in different parts of the world would allow you to understand more the customs governing countries across the world.


Indians are very particular about their public display of affection.

Kissing in public is generally condemned. One incident that had caused an uproar among Indians is American actor Richard Gere’s kissing of Indian actress, Shilpa Shetty.

Most Indians were aghast with Gere’s light kiss on Shetty’s cheeks, and they find it insulting. Indian showbiz personalities and some of the younger generation, however, are more liberated, and found no malice in Gere’s actions. As a rule, though, do not kiss any person in public to play safe in India.

In Delhi, a public kiss would be fined $12. In private, only married couples could kiss on the lips, and sometimes, a kiss on the cheeks and a hug from family members is allowed.

Saudi Arabia 

Kissing in public, whether it is on the lips or on the cheeks, and whether it is among couples or relatives is strictly prohibited. It is considered a crime to show affection in public. A British man and woman were jailed for one month because they were caught kissing in the mall in front of other people.

Most Middle Eastern countries consider kissing in public as indecent and immoral and are given sanctions.


Italians kiss in public or in private with their spouses, their family members, and friends. They show affection by hugging and kissing without lending any malice to the kiss unless specifically intended.

They are expressive of how they feel. Just like in any civilized country, there is a limit to what they can do in public.

United States 

Of all the countries in the world, Americans are the most demonstrative of their affection and love. They kiss in public anywhere they want to.

A few of them even engage in orgies, and unusual sexual expressions. There are laws concerning lewdness and indecency, though, that foreigners should be aware of.

Decent people do not just make love in public places, and sanctions are given to those who flagrantly violate the law. Although, gay relationships are now accepted in some states, several people still view gay kissing in public as an affront to their sensibilities.


Kissing in public in London is fine if the persons do not French kiss. A light kiss on the lips and the cheeks is accepted. You would be charged with indecency, nevertheless, if you do heavy necking and petting in public.

In comparison to the Americans, the British are more conservative in their public display of affection.


Filipinos are like their Southeast Asian neighbors, they display public affection sparingly. Couples could kiss each other’s lips and cheeks in public. Family and friends could greet each other with a kiss on the cheeks and a hug.

Sanctions are given to persons who do more than the light kiss. They would be charged with indecency and immorality and would be fined and incarcerated depending upon the gravity of their offenses.

Kissing customs vary for each country, so when you visit other countries you should be familiar with their culture. If unsure of the customs, then don’t do it. It is always best to play safe to avoid unnecessary pain and embarrassment.